Log message structure

Within monolog log messages are passed around as arrays, for example to processors or handlers. The table below describes which keys are always available for every log message.

key type description
message string The log message. When the PsrLogMessageProcessor is used this string may contain placeholders that will be replaced by variables from the context, e.g., “User %username% logged in” with ['username' => 'John'] as context will be written as “User John logged in”.
level int Severity of the log message. See log levels described in 01-usage.md.
level_name string String representation of log level.
context array Arbitrary data passed with the construction of the message. For example the username of the current user or their IP address.
channel string The channel this message was logged to. This is the name that was passed when the logger was created with new Logger($channel).
datetime Monolog\DateTimeImmutable Date and time when the message was logged. Class extends \DateTimeImmutable.
extra array A placeholder array where processors can put additional data. Always available, but empty if there are no processors registered.

At first glance context and extra look very similar, and they are in the sense that they both carry arbitrary data that is related to the log message somehow. The main difference is that context can be supplied in user land (it is the 3rd parameter to Logger::addRecord()) whereas extra is internal only and can be filled by processors. The reason processors write to extra and not to context is to prevent overriding any user provided data in context.